He played key roles in 14 of Ray’s films between 1959 and 1990, including the third installment of the acclaimed Apu Trilogy.
He won India’s highest cinema honor, the Dada Saheb Phalke, in 2011.
CNN reported that the actor’s daughter, Poulami Bose, said her family was “devastated” and asked her followers on Facebook to “say a prayer for his soul.”
Members of the film community and politicians issued statements on Chatterjee’s passing.
“Shri Soumitra Chatterjee’s death is a colossal loss to the world of cinema, cultural life of West Bengal and India,” said India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, on Sunday.